Polarity Protein Scrib Facilitates Endothelial Inflammatory Signaling
Objective—The polarity protein Scrib is highly expressed in endothelial cells and is required for planar cell polarity. Scrib also facilitates recycling of integrin α5 to the plasma membrane. Because integrin α5 signals the presence of the inflammatory matrix protein fibronectin, we hypothesized that Scrib contributes to endothelial inflammatory signaling.
Approach and Results—Cytokine treatment of human umbilical vein endothelial cells induced an inflammatory response as evident by the induction of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Downregulation of Scrib greatly attenuated this effect. In endothelial-specific conditional Scrib knockout mice, in vivo lipopolysaccharide treatment resulted in an impaired VCAM-1 induction. These effects were functionally relevant because Scrib small interfering RNA of human umbilical vein endothelial cells attenuated the VCAM-1–mediated leukocyte adhesion in response to tumor necrosis factor-α. In vivo, tamoxifen-induced endothelial-specific deletion of Scrib resulted in a reduced VCAM-1–mediated leukocyte adhesion in response to tumor necrosis factor-α in the mouse cremaster model. This effect was specific for Scrib and not mediated by other polarity proteins. Moreover, it did not involve integrin α5 or classic pathways supporting inflammatory signaling, such as nuclear factor κ light chain enhancer of activated B-cells or MAP kinases. Co-immunoprecipitation/mass spectrometry identified the zinc finger transcription factor GATA-like protein-1 as a novel Scrib interacting protein. small interfering RNA depletion of GATA-like protein-1 decreased the tumor necrosis factor-α–stimulated VCAM-1 induction to a similar extent as loss of Scrib did. Silencing of Scrib reduced GATA-like protein-1, but not mRNA abundance.
Conclusions—Scrib is a novel proinflammatory regulator in endothelial cells, which maintains the protein expression of GATA-like protein-1.
- Received February 13, 2015.
- Accepted July 13, 2015.
- © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.