Adrenal-Specific Scavenger Receptor BI Deficiency Induces Glucocorticoid Insufficiency and Lowers Plasma Very-Low-Density and Low-Density Lipoprotein Levels in Mice
Objective—We determined the physiological consequences of adrenocortical-specific deletion of scavenger receptor BI (SR-BI) function in C57BL/6 wild-type mice.
Methods and Results—One adrenal from 10-day-old SR-BI knockout (KO) mice or wild-type controls was transplanted under the renal capsule of adrenalectomized C57BL/6 recipient mice. The fasting plasma corticosterone level increased over time in transplanted mice. Corticosterone values in SR-BI KO transplanted mice remained ≈50% lower (P<0.001) as compared with wild-type transplanted mice, which coincided with adrenocortical lipid depletion. A 6.5-fold higher (P<0.01) plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone level was present in SR-BI KO transplanted mice reminiscent of primary glucocorticoid insufficiency. On feeding with cholic acid-containing high cholesterol/high fat diet, SR-BI KO transplanted mice exhibited a 26% (P<0.05) reduction in their liver triglyceride level. Hepatic myosin regulatory light chain interacting protein/inducible degrader of the low-density lipoprotein receptor mRNA expression was 48% (P<0.01) decreased in adrenal-specific SR-BI KO mice, which was paralleled by a marked decrease (–46%; P<0.01) in proatherogenic very-low-density and low-density lipoprotein levels.
Conclusion—Adrenal-specific disruption of SR-BI function induces glucocorticoid insufficiency and lowers plasma very-low-density and low-density lipoprotein levels in atherogenic diet-fed C57BL/6 mice. These findings further highlight the interaction between adrenal high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol uptake by SR-BI, adrenal steroidogenesis, and the regulation of hepatic lipid metabolism.
- Received August 31, 2012.
- Accepted November 13, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.