Heat Shock Cognate 70 Regulates the Translocation and Angiogenic Function of Nucleolin
Objective—Cell surface nucleolin (NCL) plays fundamental roles in tumor angiogenesis. However, the mechanism underlying its surface translocation remains obscure. The present study discovered that heat shock cognate 70 (Hsc70) is essential in both the surface translocation and the angiogenic function of NCL.
Methods and Results—We identified that Hsc70 interacted with NCL in endothelial cells via the peptide-binding domain of Hsc70 and the RNA-binding domain of NCL. Functional knockdown of Hsc70 remarkably inhibited the expression of surface NCL, which was rescued by wild-type Hsc70 rather than its truncations. Phosphorylation of NCL by either protein kinase C-ξ or casein kinase 2 mediated its interaction with Hsc70 and the surface expression. Hsc70 regulated NCL translocation via stabilizing NCL and enhancing its interaction with nonmuscle myosin heavy chain 9. Moreover, Hsc70 was associated with NCL-induced endothelial cell migration and tubule formation in vitro and angiogenesis in both matrigel plugs and xenograft tumors. Tissue array analysis revealed that the expression levels of NCL and Hsc70 were intimately correlated in human lung adenocarcinomas.
Conclusion—Our study demonstrates that Hsc70 is a prerequisite for the surface translocation and angiogenic function of NCL, which suggests strategies to target both Hsc70 and NCL for more effective antiangiogenic therapies.
- Received February 9, 2012.
- Accepted June 8, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.