Antithrombotic Potential of Blockers of Store-Operated Calcium Channels in Platelets
Objective—Platelet Orai1 channels mediate store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), which is required for procoagulant activity and arterial thrombus formation. Pharmacological blockage of these channels may provide a novel way of antithrombotic therapy. Therefore, the thromboprotective effect of SOCE blockers directed against platelet Orai1 is determined.
Methods and Results—Candidate inhibitors were screened for their effects on SOCE in washed human platelets. Tested antagonists included the known compounds, SKF96365, 2-aminoethyl diphenylborate, and MRS1845 and the novel compounds, Synta66 and GSK-7975A. The potency of SOCE inhibition was in the order of Synta66>2-aminoethyl diphenylborate>GSK-7975A>SKF96365>MRS1845. The specificity of the first 3 compounds was verified with platelets from Orai1-deficient mice. Inhibitory activity on procoagulant activity and high-shear thrombus formation was assessed in plasma and whole blood. In the presence of plasma, all 3 compounds suppressed platelet responses and restrained thrombus formation under flow. Using a murine stroke model, arterial thrombus formation was provoked in vivo by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. Postoperative administration of 2-aminoethyl diphenylborate markedly diminished brain infarct size.
Conclusion—Plasma-soluble SOCE blockers such as 2-aminoethyl diphenylborate suppress platelet-dependent coagulation and thrombus formation. The platelet Orai1 channel is a novel target for preventing thrombotic events causing brain infarction.
- Received December 9, 2011.
- Accepted April 16, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.