Prevalence of ANGPTL3 and APOB Gene Mutations in Subjects With Combined Hypolipidemia
Objective—Mutations of the ANGPTL3 gene have been associated with a novel form of primary hypobetalipoproteinemia, the combined hypolipidemia (cHLP), characterized by low total cholesterol and low HDL-cholesterol levels. The aim of this work is to define the role of ANGPTL3 gene as determinant of the combined hypolipidemia phenotype in 2 large cohorts of 913 among American and Italian subjects with primary hypobetalipoproteinemia (total cholesterol <5th percentile).
Methods and Results—The combined hypolipidemia cut-offs were chosen according to total cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol levels reported in the ANGPTL3 kindred described to date: total cholesterol levels, <2nd percentile and HDL-cholesterol, levels <2nd decile. Seventy-eight subjects with combined hypolipidemia were analyzed for ANGPTL3 and APOB genes. We identified nonsense and/or missense mutations in ANGPTL3 gene in 8 subjects; no mutations of the APOB gene were found. Mutated ANGPTL3 homozygous/compound heterozygous subjects showed a more severe biochemical phenotype compared to heterozygous or ANGPTL3 negative subjects, although ANGPTL3 heterozygotes did not differ from ANGPTL3 negative subjects.
Conclusion—these results demonstrated that in a cohort of subjects with severe primary hypobetalipoproteinemia the prevalence of ANGPTL3 gene mutations responsible for a combined hypolipidemia phenotype is about 10%, whereas mutations of APOB gene are absent.
- Received September 16, 2011.
- Accepted December 29, 2011.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.