Apolipoprotein B-100–Containing Lipoprotein Metabolism in Subjects With Lipoprotein Lipase Gene Mutations
Objective—We investigated the impact of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene mutations on apolipoprotein B (apoB)-100 metabolism.
Methods and Results—We studied 3 subjects with familial LPL deficiency; 14 subjects heterozygous for the LPL gene mutations Gly188Glu, Trp64Stop, and Ile194Thr; and 10 control subjects. Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-apoB-100 kinetics were determined in the fed state using stable isotope methods and compartmental modeling. Compared with controls, familial LPL deficiency had markedly elevated plasma triglycerides and lower VLDL-apoB-100 fractional catabolic rate (FCR), IDL-apoB-100 FCR, VLDL-to-IDL conversion, and VLDL-apoB-100 production rate (P<0.01). Compared with controls, Gly188Glu had higher plasma triglyceride and VLDL- and IDL-apoB-100 concentrations and lower VLDL- and IDL-apoB-100 FCR (P<0.05). Plasma triglycerides were not different, but IDL-apoB-100 concentration and production rate and VLDL-to-IDL conversion were lower in Trp64Stop compared with controls (P<0.05). No differences between controls and Ile194Thr were observed.
Conclusion—Our results confirm that hypertriglyceridemia is a key feature of familial LPL deficiency. This is due to impaired VLDL- and IDL-apoB-100 catabolism and VLDL-to-IDL conversion. Single-allele mutations of the LPL gene result in modest to elevated plasma triglycerides. The changes in plasma triglycerides and apoB-100 kinetics are attributable to the effects of the LPL genotype.
- Received September 8, 2011.
- Accepted November 3, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.