Variations in Platelet Proteins Associated With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Novel Clues on Pathways Underlying Platelet Activation in Acute Coronary Syndromes
Objective—Our aim in this study was to provide novel information on the molecular mechanisms playing a major role in the unwanted platelet activation associated with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).
Methods and Results—We compared the platelet proteome of 11 STEMI patients to a matched control group of 15 stable chronic ischemic cardiopathy patients. In addition, we did a prospective study to follow the STEMI patients over time. Proteins were separated by high-resolution 2D gel electrophoresis, identified by mass spectrometry, and validated by Western blotting. Platelets from STEMI patients on admission displayed 56 protein spot differences (corresponding to 42 unique genes) compared with the control group. The number of differences decreased with time during the patients’ follow-up. Interestingly, the adapter protein CrkL and the active form of Src (pTyr418) were found to be upregulated in platelets from STEMI patients. Major signaling pathways related to the proteins identified include integrin, integrin-linked kinase, and GPVI signaling. Interestingly, a study on an independent cohort of patients showed a higher degree of activation of GPVI signaling in STEMI patients.
Conclusion—CrkL, the active form of Src, and GPVI signaling are upregulated in platelets from STEMI patients.
- Received May 12, 2011.
- Accepted September 2, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.