Interleukin-33 Induces Expression of Adhesion Molecules and Inflammatory Activation in Human Endothelial Cells and in Human Atherosclerotic Plaques
Objective—Interleukin (IL)-33 is the most recently described member of the IL-1 family of cytokines and it is a ligand of the ST2 receptor. While the effects of IL-33 on the immune system have been extensively studied, the properties of this cytokine in the cardiovascular system are much less investigated.
Methods/Results—We show here that IL-33 promoted the adhesion of human leukocytes to monolayers of human endothelial cells and robustly increased vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, endothelial selectin, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1protein production and mRNA expression in human coronary artery and human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro as well as in human explanted atherosclerotic plaques ex vivo. ST2-fusion protein, but not IL-1 receptor antagonist, abolished these effects. IL-33 induced translocation of nuclear factor-κB p50 and p65 subunits to the nucleus in human coronary artery endothelial cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells and overexpression of dominant negative form of IκB kinase 2 or IκBα in human umbilical vein endothelial cellsabolished IL-33-induced adhesion molecules and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 mRNA expression. We detected IL-33 and ST2 on both protein and mRNA level in human carotid atherosclerotic plaques.
Conclusion—We hypothesize that IL-33 may contribute to early events in endothelial activation characteristic for the development of atherosclerotic lesions in the vessel wall, by promoting adhesion molecules and proinflammatory cytokine expression in the endothelium.
- Received August 13, 2010.
- Accepted June 25, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.