Src Phosphorylation of Endothelial Cell Surface Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 Mediates Neutrophil Adhesion and Contributes to the Mechanism of Lung Inflammation
Objective—The goal of this study was to determine whether tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)–induced Src activation and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) phosphorylation rapidly increase endothelial cell adhesivity and polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) sequestration independently of de novo ICAM-1 synthesis.
Methods and Results—TNF-α exposure of mouse lungs for 5 minutes produced a 3-fold increase in 125I-anti-ICAM-1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) binding and 111In oxine-labeled PMN sequestration, as well as Src activation, ICAM-1 Tyr518 phosphorylation, and phospho- (p) Tyr518-ICAM-1 coimmunoprecipitation with actin. The response was absent in Nox2−/− lungs or following Src inhibition. In COS-7 cells transfected with wild-type (WT), phospho-defective (Tyr518Phe), or phospho-mimicking (Tyr518Asp) mouse ICAM-1 cDNA constructs, TNF-α increased the Bmax of YN1/1.7.4 anti-ICAM-1 mAb binding to WT-ICAM-1 but not to Tyr518Phe-ICAM-1, indicating increased binding avidity secondary to ICAM-1 phosphorylation. This effect was mimicked by expression of the Tyr518Asp-ICAM-1 mutant. TNF-α also increased the staining intensity and cell surface clustering of YN1/1.7.4 mAb-labeled WT-ICAM-1 that colocalized with F-actin, which was not observed with Tyr518Phe-ICAM-1 but was recapitulated with Tyr518Asp-ICAM-1. Finally, overexpression of ICAM-1 in mouse lungs significantly increased lipopolysaccharide-induced transvascular albumin leakage and bronchoalveolar lavage PMN counts at 2 and 24 hours after lipopolysaccharide inhalation compared with lungs expressing the Tyr518Phe ICAM-1 mutant.
Conclusion—Src-dependent phosphorylation of endothelial cell ICAM-1 Tyr518 induces PMN adhesion by promoting ICAM-1 clustering, which we propose mediates rapid-phase lung vascular accumulation of PMNs during inflammation.
- Received December 29, 2008.
- Accepted March 23, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.