Soluble Jagged-1 Inhibits Neointima Formation by Attenuating Notch-Herp2 Signaling
Objective—Notch has been implicated in neointima formation as reflected by increased Notch/Jagged expression on vascular injury and the promigratory effect of Notch signaling on smooth muscle cells. Soluble Jagged-1 (sJag1) has been shown to inhibit Notch signaling in vitro; however, its capacity to suppress neointima formation remains unknown.
Methods and Results—Balloon injury of rat carotid arteries induced Notch1, Notch3, and Jagged-1 expression at days 3 and 14 postinjury. Notch signaling was activated as shown by increased expression of the Notch target gene Herp2. Adenoviral sJag1 (Ad-sJag1) transfection reduced neointima formation in carotid artery and enhanced reendothelialization, whereas adenoviral full-length Jagged-1 (Ad-Fl-Jag1) or LacZ had no effect. Injury-induced Herp2 expression was absent in vessels treated with Ad-sJag1. Consistently, Herp2 expression was reduced in Ad-sJag1-infected or recombinant sJag1 –treated coronary artery smooth muscle cells (CASMCs). Ad-sJag1 had no effect on human umbilical endothelial cell behavior, but it significantly reduced proliferation and migration of CASMCs. Overexpression of Herp2 in sJag1-treated CASMCs rescued the migratory and proliferative capacity in vitro.
Conclusion—Our results demonstrate that sJag1 can inhibit neointima formation after balloon injury by decreasing smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration through interference with Notch-Herp2 signaling.
- Received October 8, 2010.
- Accepted February 7, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.