Two distinct truncated apolipoprotein B species in a kindred with hypobetalipoproteinemia.
Two novel, distinct truncated forms of apolipoprotein B (apo B) designated as apo B-90 and apo B-40 were found in five members of a kindred with hypobetalipoproteinemia. Sodium dodecyl sulfate gels and immunoblots of plasma or low density lipoprotein (LDL) (d = 1.019 to 1.063 g/ml) of the affected members demonstrated the presence of one or both of the truncated apo B bands. Employing four monoclonal anti-LDL antibodies with defined regional specificities, we demonstrated that amino terminal epitopes of the truncated apo Bs were intact, but that 10% and 60%, respectively, of the carboxyl terminal regions were absent. Thrombin digestion of apo B-90 generated an abnormally small T2 fragment, confirming that approximately 550 amino acids had been deleted from the carboxyl terminus of apo B-100. Restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and variable number of tandem repeat typing of the 3' flanking hypervariable region of the apo B gene made it possible to distinguish all four parental alleles and therefore to follow the inheritance of the apo B variants through the family. This pedigree analysis confirmed the inheritance of the apo B-90 and apo B-40 identified by monoclonal antibody binding studies. Siblings heterozygous for apo B-90 or apo B-40 exhibited greater than 65% lower concentrations of apo B-90 or apo B-40 relative to apo B-100 and had 5th percentile LDL cholesterol concentrations. Compound heterozygotes (apo B-90/apo B-40) had the lowest LDL levels, and their LDL particles were small in size.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association