Probucol does not affect lipoprotein metabolism in macrophages of Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic rabbits.
We recently reported that the antioxidant action of probucol inhibited the progression of atherosclerosis in Watanabe heritable hyperlipidemic (WHHL) rabbits. In this study, we investigated another possible action of probucol: its action as an antiatherogenic agent on macrophages. When WHHL rabbit peritoneal macrophages were pre-incubated in vitro with probucol and then incubated with several atherogenic lipoproteins, the incorporation of the lipoproteins was not significantly prevented. In the case of mouse peritoneal macrophages, pre-incubation with probucol showed slight, although not statistically significant, changes in the amount of lipoprotein incorporations. We also used macrophages obtained from mice and WHHL rabbits fed with probucol, but the amount of uptake of lipoproteins by these cells was not less than that by control macrophages. Furthermore, to investigate the incorporation of atherogenic lipoproteins into these cells, we prepared probucol-containing macrophages; however, probucol in macrophages failed to prevent the uptake of such lipoproteins. In conclusion, probucol did not prevent foam cell transformation of macrophages of WHHL rabbit or mice directly, and the effect of probucol against atherogenesis in WHHL rabbits was due mainly to its inhibitory effect on the oxidative modification of low density lipoprotein, as previously reported.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association