Factors associated with high density lipoprotein cholesterol in a population with high high density lipoprotein cholesterol levels.
A cross-sectional study of a random sample of 976 coloureds (mixed race) of the Cape Peninsula, ages 15 to 64 years old, revealed a population with unexpectedly high levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. The mean level for men was 55.4 +/- 16.1 mg/dl (SD) and for women, 60.8 +/- 16.0 mg/dl. The ratio of HDL cholesterol to total cholesterol expressed as a percentage was 26.3% +/- 9.5% for men and 28.1% +/- 9.3% for women. The HDL cholesterol levels were apparently lower than those of black and Negro populations, yet higher than those of Caucasian populations. Men with levels of HDL cholesterol above the median reported a personal history and a family history of coronary heart disease less frequently than did men with lower levels, while women with high levels of HDL cholesterol were less likely to have a history of hypertension or diabetes. Stepwise multiple regression analysis of variables significantly associated with HDL cholesterol levels showed that they explained 29.7% and 24.7%, respectively, of the variation in HDL cholesterol in men and women. Those variables independently associated with HDL cholesterol in both men and women were: serum triglyceride (-), cigarette consumption (-), alcohol, body mass index (-), age, and serum low density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (-). The reasons for the relatively high HDL cholesterol levels in this population are unknown. However, it would seem possible that these levels offer some protection against the high risk factors of smoking, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association