Effects of porcine aortic smooth muscle cell conditioned medium on endothelial cell replication.
Previous studies suggested that arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) may be involved in regulating the growth of capillaries into atherosclerotic plaques. In the present study, we determined the effect of SMC products on porcine aortic endothelial cell (EC) replication in vitro. Quiescent or slowly growing EC in medium without endothelial cell growth factor (ECGF) were stimulated to proliferate in the presence of porcine aortic SMC conditioned medium, while the same conditioned medium inhibited the growth of rapidly dividing EC in high serum concentrations or with ECGF. The magnitude of both activities depended on SMC conditioned medium concentration. The dose-dependent increase in EC number stimulated by ECGF was completely inhibited by SMC conditioned medium. This effect was not due to a direct interaction of conditioned medium with ECGF because SMC conditioned medium inhibited the growth of EC that were rapidly proliferating in 10% serum without ECGF. The inhibitory activity was retained by an ultrafiltration membrane with an exclusion limit of 1000 daltons; the stimulatory activity was recovered in the ultrafiltrate and remained stable after boiling, treatment with acid or base and trypsin, and repeated freezing and thawing, but was removed by activated charcoal. The growth-promoting activity could not be accounted for by release of cell contents from lysed cells or of thymidine into the medium. Conditioned medium from SMC incubated in the presence of serum contained less EC growth-stimulatory activity but more growth-inhibitory activity than that from SMC in serum-free medium.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association