Oxidized low density lipoprotein stimulates prostacyclin production by adult human vascular endothelial cells.
Interactions between vascular endothelium and low density lipoprotein (LDL) have been implicated in the development of atherosclerosis. The effect of normal and oxidized LDL (Ox-LDL) on prostaglandin release by cultured adult human saphenous vein endothelial cells was investigated. Ox-LDL induced a rapid release of prostacyclin (PGI2) to levels which were several-fold higher than those observed with control LDL. PGI2 release was concentration-dependent and was biphasic, with a first peak occurring within 30 minutes (followed by a decrease), and a second peak occurring after several hours of incubation. PGI2 production was inhibited by lipoprotein-depleted serum and by indomethacin, an antagonist of cyclooxygenase activity. These cells produced mainly PGF2 alpha, with some PGE2 and PGI2 when stimulated by the ionophore A23187 at confluency. However, among these prostanoids, mainly PGI2 was produced in response to Ox-LDL. The data indicate that Ox-LDL induces the production of PGI2 by human vascular endothelial cells. Since Ox-LDL is cytotoxic, this phenomenon may be a manifestation of an early response to injury.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association