Apolipoprotein B gene haplotypes. Association between Ag and DNA polymorphisms.
Berg et al. (Clin Genet 1986;30:515-520) have reported that an Xba I DNA polymorphic site in exon 26 of the apolipoprotein (apo) B gene is associated both with the Ag(x/y) immunochemical polymorphism and with elevated serum lipoprotein levels. Ma et al. (Arteriosclerosis 1987;7:301-305) have reported that the same Xba I polymorphism is associated with a different immunochemical polymorphism, Ag(c/g). To extend and clarify these observations, we have determined the Ag and Xba I polymorphism for 106 individuals. We find that the Xba I restriction fragment length polymorphism is in linkage disequilibrium with both Ag(x/y) and Ag(c/g) loci; thus, all 31 Xba I(X1/X1) genotypes observed in this study are also Ag(y/y). All but one of 22 Xba I(X2/X2) genotypes are also Ag(g/g). For individuals homozygous at either two or three of these loci, it was possible to determine the haplotypes for 128 apo B alleles. Of the eight possible apo B haplotypes, only four were represented in this unambiguous subpopulation, although other minor haplotypes were present in the total population from which it was derived. The identification of major apo B haplotypes in human populations may simplify the search for significant correlations between certain apo B alleles and lipid levels and atherosclerosis.
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association