Heredity and changes in plasma lipids and lipoproteins after short-term exercise training in men.
The aims of this controlled experiment were to investigate the effects of short-term aerobic exercise training on plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations and the role of heredity in determining the individual variation observed in the lipoprotein-lipid response. Six pairs of male monozygotic (MZ) twins were subjected to an exercise training program that induced a 22,000 kcal energy deficit after 22 consecutive days of training. This program significantly reduced body weight, percent body fat, and subcutaneous fat and significantly increased maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) (p less than 0.005). The plasma insulin response to an oral glucose challenge was markedly reduced after training (p less than 0.001). Plasma triglyceride concentration decreased and the high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-CHOL)/CHOL ratio increased with training (p less than 0.05). Subjects also displayed substantial individual variation in their response to exercise training, but the changes in plasma CHOL, apolipoprotein (apo) B low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-CHOL), HDL-CHOL, and the HDL-CHOL/CHOL ratio tended to be similar within MZ twin pairs (0.67 less than or equal to ri less than or equal to 0.92; 0.05 greater than p less than 0.0001) thus indicating a significant effect of heredity on the sensitivity of plasma lipids and lipoproteins to exercise training.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1988 by American Heart Association