Apolipoprotein A-IMilano. Correlation between high density lipoprotein subclass distribution and triglyceridemia.
Carriers of the apolipoprotein A-IMilano (apo A-IM) variant represent a selected group of subjects showing low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL), variable hypertriglyceridemia, and low prevalence of atherosclerotic vascular disease. The distribution of HDL subfractions and the correlation with abnormalities in triglyceride transport were determined in these subjects. Sera from 24 apo A-IM carriers (A-IM+ and from age- and sex-matched normolipidemic controls (A-IM-) were analyzed by rate zonal ultracentrifugation. The A-IM+ subjects showed a marked decrease of HDL3 mass with reduced flotation rates and major compositional alterations; the HDL2 were nearly absent. The HDL subclasses from 10 A-IM+ subjects were resolved according to particle size by gradient gel electrophoresis (GGE). The HDL patterns detected in the carriers were unique in exhibiting a distinct peak in the (HDL3b)gge interval, undetectable in the controls. Three patterns reflecting the relative contributions of smaller (HDL3b)gge and larger (HDL3a)gge particles could be distinguished in the carriers, and these were clearly related to different triglyceride and HDL cholesterol levels in plasma. These findings in a highly selected group of subjects with generally low HDL levels and quite variable triglyceridemia confirmed the existence of relationships between alterations in triglyceride transport and abnormalities in the HDL subclass distribution, possibly reflecting the variable atherosclerotic risk in hypertriglyceridemic subjects.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association