Hereditary hyperlipidemia in the rabbit due to overproduction of lipoproteins. I. Biochemical studies.
An inherited metabolic disorder in a strain of New Zealand White rabbits, characterized by marked hypercholesterolemia (394 +/- 100 mg/dl), with moderately elevated or normal triglyceride levels is described. Low density lipoprotein (LDL), intermediate density lipoprotein (IDL) and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol levels were increased. VLDL and IDL, and to a lesser extent LDL, had increased free cholesterol and esterified cholesterol content, and triglyceride content was reduced. Kinetic studies with 131I and 125I-labelled rabbit lipoproteins showed a marked increase in production rates of VLDL apo B and LDL apo B. LDL cholesterol levels were directly related to LDL apo B production rate (r = 0.938, p less than 0.001). Both in hypercholesterolemic and normal rabbits injected with labelled VLDL, the specific activity-time curves of VLDL apo B and LDL apo B did not intersect, indicating that LDL apo B was in part derived from sources other than VLDL. No defect was demonstrated in receptor-mediated catabolism of LDL by cultured skin fibroblasts from hyperlipidemic animals. The fractional catabolic rate of LDL apo B was subnormal, but increased when the expanded LDL apo B pool size was reduced by exchange transfusion; the low fractional catabolism may therefore be attributable, at least in part, to saturation of LDL receptors consequent upon the increased pool size of LDL. The hyperlipidemia in this strain of rabbits may be unique in that the underlying mechanism appears to be overproduction of VLDL and LDL.
- Copyright © 1987 by American Heart Association