Lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities associated with coronary heart disease in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus.
We measured serum lipid and lipoprotein levels in 63 insulin-dependent diabetic (IDD) patients (32 men, 31 women) and in 63 nondiabetic control subjects (32 men, 31 women) without coronary heart disease (CHD) and in 19 IDD patients (11 men, 8 women) and in 18 nondiabetic subjects (8 men, 10 women) with CHD. All diabetic patients had postglucagon C-peptide levels of less than 0.60 mmol/liter and none had signs of renal failure. Male IDD patients with CHD had higher levels of total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, total triglycerides, very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) triglycerides and lower level of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol than male IDD patients without CHD. In female IDD patients, similar lipid and lipoprotein abnormalities were observed between the groups of diabetics with and without CHD except for total cholesterol, which was the same in both groups. A comparison between IDD patients without CHD and nondiabetic control subjects without CHD showed no difference in lipid and lipoprotein levels in males; female IDD patients without CHD showed even higher levels of HDL and HDL2 cholesterol and lower levels of VLDL triglycerides than nondiabetic controls. Our results indicate that in IDD patients without nephropathy and CHD, the lipid and lipoprotein levels do not differ from nondiabetic controls, but in IDD patients with CHD the lipid and lipoprotein pattern is similar to that known to be characteristic for nondiabetic patients with CHD.
- Copyright © 1986 by American Heart Association