Association of low HDL and HDL2 cholesterol with coronary heart disease in noninsulin-dependent diabetics.
Lipids and lipoproteins were measured in 139 men and 145 women who were noninsulin-dependent diabetics (NIDDs) aged 45 to 64 years. Of these, 27 men and 16 women had had a previous definite myocardial infarction (MI). The NIDDs with MI (MI+) showed lower values of HDL and HDL2 cholesterol concentrations than NIDDs without previous MI (MI-) or NIDDS without any symptoms or electrocardiographic signs of coronary heart disease (CHD-). The inverse relationship between HDL, HDL2, and CHD was evident in both sexes, but it was particularly strong among male NIDDs. The difference in HDL and HDL2 cholesterol concentrations between the MI+ and MI- groups or between the MI+ and CHD- groups persisted after adjustment by analysis of covariance for the effect of physical activity, alcohol intake, obesity, duration of diabetes, and glycemic control. It is concluded that in a cross-sectional study, even among NIDDs with generally low HDL and HDL2 cholesterol concentrations, the presence of CHD is associated with a further depression of HDL and HDL2 cholesterol levels. Prospective studies are needed, however, to confirm that the association is predictive and not a consequence of CHD.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association