Fenofibrate reduces low density lipoprotein catabolism in hypertriglyceridemic subjects.
This study examines the kinetic basis for the increment in plasma low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels that accompanies the fenofibrate treatment of severely hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) patients. Seven HTG men with a mean plasma triglyceride level of 1470 mg/dl were treated for 6 weeks. During treatment, their plasma triglyceride level fell by 77% and their cholesterol level by 41%. The fall in very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol level was reciprocated by increments in the cholesterol level in both LDL and high density lipoproteins (HDL); the rise in HDL was confined to HDL3. LDL catabolism was examined before and during therapy using native and chemically modified tracers in an attempt to distinguish receptor-mediated from non-receptor-mediated clearance. In their basal state, the hypertriglyceridemic subjects overcatabolized both the native and the modified lipoprotein, implying that the non-receptor pathways were hyperactive. The mean fractional clearance rate of LDL via the receptor pathway was not significantly different from normal. Fenofibrate therapy corrected the patients' hypercatabolism, reducing the receptor-independent fractional clearance of apo LDL by 50% (from 0.48 to 0.24 pools/day; p less than 0.05). The mean fractional catabolic activity of the receptor route did not change, but when the increment in the plasma apo LDL concentration was taken into account, it was clear that the drug treatment was associated with an increase in the net amount cleared by the receptor pathway and with a reduction of lipoprotein uptake into receptor-independent routes.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association