Spontaneous and diet-induced coronary atherosclerosis in normal swine and swine with von Willebrand disease.
We have observed that pigs with impaired platelet function in the form of severe von Willebrand's disease (vWd) are resistant to spontaneous and to diet-induced aortic atherosclerosis. However, it has been reported that vWd pigs are susceptible to coronary atherosclerosis produced by balloon-induced injury of coronary arteries combined with an atherogenic diet. We have evaluated the development of coronary atherosclerosis in normal control (NC) and homozygous vWd pigs in two prospective studies: 1) as a spontaneous process in five NC and vWd pigs receiving a regular diet from the age of 3 months to 4 years; and 2) in nine NC and five vWd receiving a high-fat and high-cholesterol (2%) diet from the age of 3 to 9 months. All of the coronary arteries were analyzed postmortem in 5-mm sections. None of the NC nor the vWd pigs in the spontaneous study showed coronary atherosclerosis or myocardial lesions. In the study of diet-induced atherosclerosis, only one NC and one vWd pig had discrete stenoses; the stenoses affected the three coronary arteries and were significant (50% to 80%) in the NC and mild (greater than 25%) in the vWd pigs; no pigs showed myocardial lesions. Pigs with vWd are resistant to atherosclerosis of the aorta. To assess the resistance or susceptibility to coronary disease in these pigs, a longer follow-up study would be necessary.
- Copyright © 1985 by American Heart Association