Premature development of iliac artery stenosis in asymptomatic type II hyperlipoproteinemia.
There is conflicting evidence on the relationship between increased low density lipoprotein (LDL) concentration in Type II hyperlipoproteinemia and premature development of peripheral atherosclerosis of the lower limbs. We evaluated the early signs of iliac artery involvement in patients with asymptomatic Type II hyperlipoproteinemia. Of these, 23 were Type IIA, 12 were Type IIB. Thirty-five consecutive patients, ages 40 to 60 years, with asymptomatic Type II hyperlipoproteinemia (LDL cholesterol greater than or equal to 3.80 mmol/liter, 147 mg/dl) and 54 normocholesterolemic controls (plasma cholesterol less than 5.70 mmol/liter, 220.6 mg/dl) from a random sample of clinically healthy, 50-year-old men had a noninvasive examination to detect common and external iliac artery stenosis. Both Type II patients and the controls were examined by the echo-Doppler technique (Duplex Scanner III-ATL Mark V) with spectral analysis of the Doppler signals. This method is sensitive not only to severe stenosis or occlusion but also to non-flow-reducing stenosis (less than 50% narrowing of the lumen diameter) and to minor wall irregularities (1%-15% stenosis). In Type II patients, 19 of 70 limbs (27%) were abnormal as compared to 6 of 108 limbs (6%) in the controls (p less than 0.001). The premature development of an obliterating disease of the iliac arteries was demonstrated in persons asymptomatic for Type II hyperlipoproteinemia.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association