Neutral triglyceride lipase in macrophages.
High levels of neutral triglyceride lipase activity have been demonstrated in several types of macrophages (J774 cells, human monocyte/macrophages, rabbit alveolar macrophages, and resident mouse peritoneal macrophages). The pH optima ranged from 6.5 to 7.4 depending upon the buffer and the conditions of incubation. The addition of bovine serum albumin stimulated activity at low concentrations, as expected for a fatty acid-releasing reaction, but strongly inhibited at higher concentrations; maximal activity was observed in the presence of 0.625 mg/ml of bovine serum albumin. The enzyme was remarkably thermostable, showing no apparent loss of activity at 50 degrees C for as long as 6 hours. The lipase was inhibited 80% by 0.1 M NaCl. Assayed under optimal conditions, the specific activity of the neutral triglyceride lipase from J774 cells was more than 100-fold greater than the activity of lipoprotein lipase or neutral cholesterol esterase from those cells; this activity was 10-fold greater than the levels of hormone-sensitive lipase from 3T3-L1 adipocytes. This neutral triglyceride lipase may play an important role in the degradation and mobilization of cytosolic triglyceride in macrophage-derived foam cells.
- Copyright © 1984 by American Heart Association