Abstract 686: Intervention with Naringenin Enhances Weight Loss, Potentiates Improvements in Metabolic Dysregulation and Halts Progression of Atherosclerosis Induced by a High-Fat Diet in LDLr-/- Mice.
Previous studies demonstrate that the addition of naringenin, a grapefruit flavonoid, to a high-fat diet prevents the development of many disorders of the metabolic syndrome and atherosclerosis in Ldlr-/- mice. Furthermore, in intervention studies, the addition of naringenin to a high-fat, high cholesterol (HFHC) diet reversed pre-established obesity, hyperlipidemia, hepatic steatosis, insulin resistance and improved atherosclerotic lesion pathology, but not lesion size. In the present intervention study, we tested the hypothesis that addition of naringenin to a chow diet would further improve pre-established metabolic dysregulation and attenuate lesion development, compared to chow alone. Ldlr-/- mice were fed a HFHC diet for 12 weeks to induce metabolic dysregulation. Subsequently, mice received one of 3 diets for another 12 weeks: 1) continuation of the HFHC diet, 2) an isoflavone-free chow diet or 3) isoflavone-free chow with 3% naringenin. At 12 weeks, the HFHC diet induced significant weight gain and increased adiposity. Intervention with chow alone reduced the weight gained during induction by 22%, whereas the addition of naringenin to chow induced a weight loss of 71%. Specifically, the reduction in adiposity was 2.75-times greater in naringenin-treated mice, compared to chow alone. The HFHC diet increased VLDL cholesterol 20-fold and LDL cholesterol 5-fold, which were reduced by intervention with both chow (>60%) and chow supplemented with naringenin (>80%). The HFHC diet induced insulin resistance and glucose intolerance. Naringenin improved insulin tolerance (plasma glucose AUC -38%) and glucose tolerance (plasma glucose AUC -58%), which was accompanied by normalization of plasma insulin and glucose. HFHC-induction promoted the development of intermediate atherosclerotic lesions. Continuation of the HFHC diet doubled lesion size. Intervention with chow alone attenuated lesion size progression by 65%. The addition of naringenin to chow slowed lesion progression by 90%, resulting in smaller lesions compared to chow intervention alone (P=0.042). We conclude that intervention with naringenin-supplemented chow enhances weight loss, improves metabolic dysregulation and halts the progression of atherosclerosis.
Author Disclosures: A.C. Burke: None. B.G. Sutherland: None. J.M. Assini: None. M.W. Huff: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.