Abstract 667: The Role of Aortic Wall-Nuclear Factor- kappa B (NF-kB) Signaling in Formation of Dissecting Aortic Aneurysms
Introduction: Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a devastating disease since it can lead to aortic rupture and instantaneous death. We previously demonstrated that IL-6 secreted from the aortic wall is necessary for the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm and dissection (AAD). Since IL-6 is a NF-kB/RelA dependant gene, we investigated the role of aortic wall- NF-kB/RelA signaling in the development of AAD.
Methods and Results: To test the role of aortic wall-RelA, we utilized Cre-Lox technology to delete RelA from aortic cells. Tamoxifen-inducible, Col1a2-promoter driven Cre mice (Col1a2-Cre) were crossed with mT/mG Cre-reporter mice to determine which aortic cells undergo genetic recombination after Cre activation. Flow cytometry analysis of the aortic wall indicated that 88% of the genetically recombined cells were SMCs and 8% were fibroblasts. Next, RelA floxed (RelA f/f) mice, generated in our lab, were crossed with Col1a2-Cre mice. RelA f/f Cre+ and RelA f/f Cre- were stimulated with tamoxifen for 10 days to generate aortic-RelA deficient (Ao-RelA-/-) or wild-type (Ao-RelA+/+) transgenics. Flow cytometry, qRT-PCR, and immunohistochemistry analysis suggested a depletion of aortic-RelA greater than 60%. To test the role of Ao-RelA in AAD, Ao-RelA -/- (n= 20) and Ao-RelA +/+ (n=14) mice were infused with angiotensin II for 7 days. Surprisingly, 20% of Ao-RelA-/- mice died from development of AAD and aortic rupture while no deaths were observed in Ao-RelA+/+ group. In addition, 40% of Ao-RelA-/- mice developed AAD compared to 14% of Ao-RelA+/+ mice. There was no significant difference in TUNEL staining or ERTR7+ fibroblast population between the two groups.
Conclusion: Our studies suggest that aortic wall-RelA may be necessary for protection from AAD.
Author Disclosures: T. Ijaz: None. H. Sun: None. A. Recinos: None. R.G. Tilton: None. A.R. Brasier: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.