Abstract 642: Wy14643 and Fenofibrate Reduce Acetylcholine-induced Contractions in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat Aortae
Introduction and hypothesis: Hypertension is associated with endothelial dysfunction, which is defined as an imbalanced release of endothelium-derived relaxing factors (EDRF) and endothelium-derived contracting factors (EDCF). Oxidative stress contributes to endothelial dysfunction by increasing the production of EDCF. Research studies have demonstrated that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha agonists, Wy14643 (WY) and fenofibrate (FF), improve endothelial function. Therefore, we assessed the hypothesis that WY and FF inhibited acetylcholine-induced endothelium-dependent contractions through reduction of oxidative stress in aortae of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).
Method: Thoracic aortic rings, with and without endothelium, were isolated from 40-44 weeks old male SHR and their normotensive counterparts, Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). They were suspended in organ chambers for isometric tension recording. Responses to the endothelium-dependent vasoactive agent, acetylcholine (10-8 - 10-4 M), and to the oxidizing agent, hydrogen peroxide (10-8 - 10-4 M), were examined in the presence of Nω-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 3*10-4 M; nitric oxide synthase inhibitor).
Results: Acetylcholine caused significantly greater contractions in aortic rings, with endothelium, of SHR than in those of WKY. The contraction was significantly inhibited by the combination of Tiron (10-3 M; intracellular superoxide anion scavenger) and DETCA (10-4 M; superoxide dismutase inhibitor), suggesting that the reactive oxygen species, hydrogen peroxide, was involved in vascular dysfunction in hypertension. Both WY (10-5 M) and FF (10-5 M) significantly inhibited contractions to acetylcholine in SHR aorta, suggesting that they may reduce the amount of hydrogen peroxide or inhibit its downstream signaling. Moreover, they inhibited contractions induced by hydrogen peroxide in SHR aortic rings with, but not in those without, endothelium, indicating that their inhibitory effect was endothelium-dependent.
Conclusion: The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha agonists act on the endothelium to reduce acetylcholine-induced contractions that are mediated by hydrogen peroxide in aortae of hypertensive rats.
Author Disclosures: H. Chen: None. S.W. Leung: None. R.Y. Man: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.