Abstract 631: Evaluation of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Backgroung: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease, that appear to be responsible for 50% of mortality for thrombotic events such as Myocardial Infarction (MI) and Ischemic Stroke (SI) in RA patients. Occur approximately a decade earlier in these patients compared with the normal population.
Objectives: To determine the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis according to the classification criteria of the American College of Rheumatology.
Methods: To assess the risk of cardiovascular diseases we studied 78 patients diagnosed with Rheumatoid Arthritis. For this we used the criteria of the risk score of Acute Coronary Disease in 10 years according to the Framingham Heart Study. A control group consisted of 21 patients with osteoarthritis and fibromyalgia was also assessed using the same criteria, where age, sex, systolic blood pressure values, total cholesterol, cholesterol HDL, presence of smoking and diagnosis of diabetes, were scored.
Results: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis had a mean disease duration of 12.8 years (SD=7.4), age 58.6 years (SD=10.3) and the control group 59.3 years (SD=10,0). The old values of total cholesterol, HDL, blood pressure and being with Diabetes Mellitus showed positive correlations with the Cardiovascular Risk, and Blood Pressure in the index this correlation was stronger (r=+0.593) in Rheumatoid Arthritis and age (r=+0.702) in the control group. The Global Cardiovascular Risk in each group were considered low (7,8 points to Rematoid Artrhrits and 9,3 points to the control group).
Conclusion: The results showed no increased risk of cardiovascular disease when compared to control group. Remember that control group fact be constituted by a larger number of diabetics, which likely impact these results.
Author Disclosures: V.M. Rocha: None. M.B. Pippa: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.