Abstract 591: Increased Retention of LDL From Type 1 Diabetic Patients in an Atherosclerosis-prone Area of the Murine Arterial Wall
Background: Individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are at high risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease but the exact mechanisms by which T1DM accelerates atherosclerosis remain unknown. In the present study, we investigated whether modifications of low density lipoprotein (LDL) in T1DM patients causes an increased retention of LDL in the vessel wall.
Methods and Results: Fluorescently-labeled human LDL from either T1DM patients (n=10) or healthy non-diabetic subjects (control) (n=7) was injected into mice with T1DM. After 24 hours, when LDL was completely cleared from the circulation, cryosections of the inner curvature of the aortic arch (i.e. atherosclerosis prone area) was analyzed for retained LDL by fluorescence microscopy (Red in figure A). We found significantly more retained T1DM LDL (n=10) compared to LDL from non-diabetic subjects (n=7) with a fold change of 4.35 (p < 0.05). Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy analysis of LDL revealed no differences in the level of the atherogenic small dense LDL between T1DM LDL (274.4±47.8 nmol/L) and non-diabetic LDL (263.8±55.3 nmol/L). Using LiCor Odyssey infrared imaging scanning of the whole aorta en face, we found that in vitro glycation of LDL from a non-diabetic subject significantly increased retention (n=8) compared to LDL prepared similarly but without glucose (n=8), with a fold change of 8.87 (p < 0.001) (Figure B).
Conclusion: LDL from patients with T1DM as well as ex vivo glycated LDL showed increased retention at atherosclerosis-prone sites in the arterial wall of mice. This may contribute to the accelerated development of atherosclerosis in T1DM.
Author Disclosures: M.K. Hagensen: None. M.B. Mortensen: None. M. Kjolby: None. J.F. Bentzon: None. S. Gregersen: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.