Abstract 56: Platelet Specific Knockout of Glucose Transporter 3 Leads to Altered Metabolism and Decreased Platelet Activation
Patients with diabetes display increased thrombosis and platelet activation. In these disorders, the systemic milieu is characterized by multiple metabolic changes including increased glucose concentrations. Preliminary metabolomics analysis of platelets from patients with type 2 diabetes revealed an accumulation of glycolytic and TCA intermediates relative to healthy controls. Therefore we hypothesized that decreasing platelet glucose uptake would limit glycolysis thereby decreasing energy production and platelet reactivity. Platelets import glucose via two glucose transporters GLUT1 and GLUT3. GLUT1 is expressed on the plasma membrane and GLUT3 is expressed predominantly on alpha granule membranes (85%) and to a lesser extent on the plasma membrane (15%). To better understand the consequences of glucose metabolism on platelet function we generated a platelet specific knockout (KO) of GLUT3 using a Pf4 Cre recombinase transgenic mouse crossed to mice that harbor floxed GLUT3 alleles. Platelet glycogen content and glycolytic intermediates were significantly reduced in GLUT3 KO platelets compared to controls, and following mitochondrial uncoupling exhibited reduced glycolysis rates. Interestingly, under these conditions, mitochondrial maximal respiration was increased two-fold, with no change in mitochondrial density, or citric acid cycle intermediates. In vitro, GLUT3 deficient platelets display a 90% reduction of spreading on fibrinogen and collagen matrixes and significant reductions in CD62p surface translocation and GPIIbIIIa activation following stimulation with multiple agonists. Additionally makers of alpha granule release were significantly reduced. In vivo analysis of GLUT3 KO mice using a 10% ferric chloride model of arterial thrombosis and a tail-bleed model indicated no alteration in thrombosis between littermate controls and knockouts. However in a KBx/N model of rheumatoid arthritis GLUT3 KO mice exhibited significantly reduced disease severity. Together, these data indicate that GLUT3-mediated glucose uptake is essential for platelet activation, spreading and alpha granule release. GLUT3 modulates mechanisms that promote rheumatoid arthritis but not those that regulate in vivo thrombus formation.
Author Disclosures: T.P. Fidler: None. E. Middleton: None. J.W. Rowley: None. L. Boudreau: None. R.A. Campbell: None. R. Souvenir: None. E. Boilard: None. A.S. Weyrich: None. E.D. Abel: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.