Abstract 558: Neutrophils-derived-microvesicle Could Play a Role in the Early Stage of Atherosclerosis
Background: Atherosclerosis is the most common underlying cause of cardiovascular disease. Many cells types are involved in the initiation and progression of atherosclerotic plaques but, until recently, neutrophils were not considered to be among them. Despite their rare detection in plaques, neutrophil depletion has been shown to reduce plaque formation and monocyte recruitment to the vessel wall.
Hypothesis: Neutrophils may influence plaque initiation and progression through the formation of microvesicles.
Aim: To determine the role of neutrophil-derived-microvesicles in the early stage of atherosclerosis.
Methods and Results: Mouse peripheral blood neutrophils were isolated by negative magnetic separation. Following stimulation for 1h with fMLP (3x105M), supernatants were subjected to differential centrifugation (twice at 300g for 6 min followed by 20,000g for 20 mins) to isolate the microvesicle population. Microvesicles were quantified using flow cytometry calibrated with MegaMix and Spherocount beads. Apo E mice were fed a Western diet for 6 weeks and injected twice a week with PBS or neutrophil microvesicles (4.52x106 ± 3.05x105) isolated from control mice. After 6 weeks, blood was collected for neutrophil and microvesicle quantification. The aorta was dissected and stained by conventional procedures using Oil Red. Areas of plaque formation was determined using computer based imaging and semi-quantitative scoring.
Injection with microvesicles increased circulating neutrophil number (PBS treated = 67.3 ± 3.9 neutrophils per μl; microvesicle treated = 88.25 ± 4.0 neutrophils per μl, P = 0.031; n = 3) and neutrophil reactivity with respect to microvesicle formation (PBS treated = 4.5 ± 0.8 microvesicles per neutrophil; microvesicle treated = 8.3±0.7 microvesicles per neutrophil, P = 0.0249; n = 3).
After 6 weeks, the plaque formation was more advanced in the MVs group (% lesion area in the arch in mice injected with PBS = 0.4563 ± 0.09452, with MVs = 1.643 ± 0.3891, P = 0.0118, n=7).
Conclusion: Neutrophil microvesicles induce increased plaque formation and increase circulating neutrophil levels in a mouse model of atherosclerosis. This suggests neutrophils may be involved in atherogenesis through the release of microvesicles.
Author Disclosures: I. Gomez: None. B. Ward: None. P. Evans: None. P. Hellewell: None. V. Ridger: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.