Abstract 536: Lysosome Insufficiency in Atherosclerosis Prone DBA/2 Mouse Macrophages Associated With Impaired Autolysosome Formation and Lipid Drop Clearance
In a previous study, we identified autolysosome formation as the limiting step for turnover of cholesterol esters in lipid droplets of macrophage foam cells from the atherosclerosis sensitive DBA/2 strain compared to the atherosclerosis resistant AKR mouse strain. As autophagosome formation was similar in these two strains, we wanted to evaluate the role of lysosome biogenesis and function on autolysosome formation in AKR and DBA/2 cells. The transcription factor TFEB is a key regulator for lysosome biogenesis and function that positively regulates the expression of lysosomal enzymes and structural proteins, and controls lysosomes number. For all our studies, we cultured AKR and DBA/2 macrophages with or without acetylated LDL (AcLDL) for 24h. First, we analyzed TFEB protein expression by western blot. Upon loading, TFEB was increased in AKR (48%, p<0.01) but not DBA/2 cells leading to a 45% higher TFEB level in AKR vs. DBA/2 foam cells (p<0.05), suggesting that lysosome number and function may be impaired in DBA/2 foam cells. To assess lysosome function and number, cells were labeled with Lysotracker red DND-99 (LyT) and analyzed by flow cytometry. We found that AcLDL loading did not affect LyT intensity. However, in both unloaded and loaded conditions, DBA/2 cells exhibited a 30 to 50% lower LyT intensity suggesting that they have intrinsically decreased lysosome number/function. Lysosomal degradation capacity was assayed by incubation with DQ-ovalbumin and we observed a 27% decrease in lysosome function in DBA/2 vs. AKR foam cells (p<0.01). In addition, upon loading, the mature form of cathepsin L was increased in AKR (43%, p<0.05) but not DBA/2 cells. Together these data suggest an impairment of lysosomal degradation capacity in DBA/2 foam cells. Finally, we investigated the role of TPC2, a lysosomal membrane protein which over expression has been previously linked to a defect in autolysosome formation. We found that upon AcLDL loading TPC2 protein levels were increased by 35% in DBA/2 cells, which are defective in autolysosome formation, while they were unchanged in AKR cells. In conclusion, we found that DBA/2 vs. AKR foam cells express more TPC2 and have fewer and/or dysfunctional lysosomes that may explain the autolysosome formation defect in these cells.
Author Disclosures: P. Robinet: None. J.D. Smith: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.