Abstract 53: Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Enhances Adipogenesis of Adipose Tissue-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells during Evolution of Obesity
Background: The expansion of adipose mass requires adipocyte precursor cells that originate from multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). The inflammatory milieu in obesity often involves high levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in adipose tissue, but whether this affects MSC function remains unknown. We tested the hypothesis that microenvironmental changes during the evolution of obesity affect MSC function, which may in turn promote obesity.
Methods: Domestic pigs were fed with an adipogenic (n=7) or normal (n=7) diet for 16 weeks. Abdominal adipose tissue biopsies were collected at 8, 12, and 16 weeks for histology and MSC culture. Adipose tissue inflammation and MSC levels were evaluated in situ using immunohistochemistry staining for TNF-α, CD34, and Von Willebrand factor (vWF). The adipogenic propensity of MSC was tested in vitro using appropriate differentiation media, with or without supplementation of TNF-α or anti-TNF-α antibody for 3 weeks.
Results: Obese pigs had increased body weight and abdominal fat mass (by CT) compared with lean pigs. TNF-α expression in adipose tissue (Figure 1A) was upregulated in obese pigs at 12 and 16 weeks, accompanied by increased numbers of MSC (CD34+/vWF-) at 16 weeks. In vitro, MSC derived from obese adipose tissue at 16weeks showed enhanced adipogenesis, which was abolished by anti-TNF-α treatment. Similarly, in lean MSC TNF-α treatment enhanced adipogenesis (Figure 1B).
Conclusion: Obesity-induced adipose tissue inflammation may stimulate MSC differentiation into adipocytes, which further increase the adipose tissue mass. Our results support development of anti-inflammatory strategies for obesity management.
Author Disclosures: X. Zhu: None. S. Ma: None. A. Eirin: None. J.R. Woollard: None. K.L. Jordan: None. H. Tang: None. A. Lerman: None. L.O. Lerman: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.