Abstract 520: High-density Lipoprotein Inhibits Human M1 Macrophage Polarisation through the Redistribution of Caveolin-1
Macrophages play a critical role in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. Depending on their surrounding milieu, macrophages can adopt a wide range of functional phenotypes; pro-inflammatory (M1) and pro-resolving (M2). HDL has many cardio-protective properties including potent anti-inflammatory effects, largely through the removal of cholesterol from cells. It is currently not known if this extends to influencing human macrophage phenotypes. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of HDL on human macrophage polarisation. Human blood monocyte-derived macrophages were induced to either an M1-phenotype by incubation with LPS and IFN-γ or to an M2-phenotype with IL-4. Macrophages were differentiated in the presence or absence of human HDL and their phenotypes were characterised using cell surface markers, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by flow cytometry, and mRNA expression by real-time PCR. Downstream signalling pathways were also explored. We discovered that HDL inhibited the induction to M1 as evidenced by a decrease in cell surface marker expression; CD192 and CD64. This was accompanied by a decreased expression of M1-associated inflammatory genes TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1. However, HDL had no effect on induction to the M2 phenotype. Similarly, methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MβCD), a non-specific cholesterol acceptor was also able to suppress M1 induction suggesting cholesterol efflux is important in this process. Further we found that HDL decreased membrane caveolin-1 in M1 macrophages and redistributed it intracellularly. The requirement of caveolin-1 was revealed as bone marrow-derived macrophages from Cav-1-/- mice continued to differentiate into M1 despite the addition of HDL. Moreover, we demonstrated a decrease in STAT3 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation in M1 macrophages treated with HDL, suggesting cholesterol efflux inhibits the STAT3s and MAPKs during induction to the M1 phenotype. Finally, we found that HDL also inhibited M1 function; with reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. We provide evidence that HDL reduces macrophage induction to the inflammatory M1 phenotype, but not M2, via cellular redistribution of caveolin-1 and inactivation of STAT3 and ERK1/2 signalling pathway.
Author Disclosures: M.K.S. Lee: None. X. Moore: None. Y. Fu: None. A. Al-sharea: None. D. Dragoljeic: None. M. Fernandez-Rojo: None. R. Parton: None. D. Sviridov: None. A.J. Murphy: None. J.P.F. Chin-Dusting: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.