Abstract 510: Effect of Repetitive Intra-Arterial Infusion of Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells in Patients With No-Option Limb Ischemia: The Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled JUVENTAS Trial
Background: Patients with severe limb ischemia may not be eligible for conventional therapeutic interventions. Pioneering clinical trials suggest that bone marrow-derived cell therapy enhances neovascularization, improves tissue perfusion, and prevents amputation. The objective of this trial was to determine whether repetitive intra-arterial infusion of bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs) in patients with severe, nonrevascularizable limb ischemia can prevent major amputation.
Methods and Results: The Rejuvenating Endothelial Progenitor Cells via Transcutaneous Intra-arterial Supplementation (JUVENTAS) trial is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial in 160 patients with severe, nonrevascularizable limb ischemia. Patients were randomly assigned to repetitive (3 times; 3-week interval) intraarterial infusion of BMMNC or placebo. No significant differences were observed for the primary outcome, ie, major amputation at 6 months, with major amputation rates of 19% in the BMMNC versus 13% in the placebo group (relative risk, 1.46; 95% confidence interval, 0.62-3.42). The safety outcome (all-cause mortality, occurrence of malignancy, or hospitalization due to infection) was not significantly different between the groups (relative risk, 1.46; 95% confidence interval, 0.63-3.38), neither was all-cause mortality at 6 months with 5% versus 6% (relative risk, 0.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.22-2.80). Secondary outcomes quality of life, rest pain, ankle-brachial index, and transcutaneous oxygen pressure improved during follow-up, but there were no significant differences between the groups.
Conclusions: Repetitive intra-arterial infusion of autologous BMMNCs into the common femoral artery did not reduce major amputation rates in patients with severe, nonrevascularizable limb ischemia in comparison with placebo. The general improvement in secondary outcomes during follow-up in both the BMMNC and the placebo group, as well, underlines the essential role for placebo-controlled design of future trials.
Clinical Trial Registration: URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00371371.
Author Disclosures: M. Teraa: None. R.W. Sprengers: None. R.E.G. Schutgens: None. I.C.M. Slaper-Cortenbach: None. Y. van der Graaf: None. A. Algra: None. I. van der Tweel: None. P.A. Doevendans: None. W.P.M. Mali: None. F.L. Moll: None. M.C. Verhaar: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.