Abstract 491: Detection of Subclinical Coronary Artery Disease by Calcium Score in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Potential Clinical Implications
Background: Clinical implications of detecting subclinical coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) are unclear.
Methods: A total of 430 AF patients (age 63 ± 10 y, 65% male, 62% hypertensive, 16% diabetic, 42% dyslipidemic) without known CAD undergoing pre-procedural CT for catheter ablation were included. We evaluated the change in:
1) numbers of patients with CACS-diagnosed CAD who could potentially be on statin.
2) CHA2DS2-VASc score after incorporating CACS>100 (related to increased risk of stroke) into the original definition of vascular diseases who could potentially be on anticoagulants.
Results: 1) Prevalence of subclinical CAD (CACS>0) was 74% (319/430) and 25% (106/430) had CACS>100. There were 62% (267/430) who were not on statin. Of these patients, 71% (190/267) had subclinical CAD while 21% (34/163) of statin users had CACS of 0.
2) The median original CHA2DS2-VASc score was 2. After incorporating CACS>100 into the original score, 24% (18/75) with the original score of 0 had the score changed to 1 (7/35 in persistent AF [PST-AF] and 11/40 in paroxysmal AF [PRX-AF]) (figure A) and 17% (22/131) with the original score of 1 had the score changed to ≥ 2 (10/83 in PST-AF and 12/48 in PRX-AF) (figure B). PRX-AF had more frequent increase in CHA2DS2-VASc score than PST-AF (p=0.035)(figure C).
Conclusion: In AF patients without known history of CAD, detecting subclinical CAD by CACS potentially has important therapeutic implications for prevention forprogression of CAD and stroke.
Author Disclosures: K. Chaikriangkrai: None. M. Valderrabano: None. S. Khaleel Bala: None. S. Alchalabi: None. E. Graviss: None. F. Nabi: None. J. Mahmarian: None. S. Chang: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.