Abstract 386: Thrombin Inhibition by Dabigatran Reduces the Amount of Pro-Inflammatory CD11c-Positive Macrophages in Visceral Adipose Tissue of Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Deficient Mice
Thrombin is involved in inflammatory processes. In obesity, chronic low-grade inflammation promotes the development of insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus type 2 (T2DM) which strongly drive atherosclerosis. Patients with T2DM exhibit increased circulating levels of tissue factor as well as thrombin-antithrombin complexes.
Aim of the present study was to analyse potential effects of thrombin inhibition by dabigatran on adipose tissue inflammation in a mouse-model of diet-induced obesity and atherosclerosis.
Female, 10 weeks old low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient (LDLR-/-) mice received a Western-type diet containing 5 mg/g dabigatran or matching placebo for 20 weeks.
Flow cytometric analysis of the stromal vascular fraction revealed a reduction in pro-inflammatory macrophages (CD11b+F4/80+CD11c+) in visceral adipose tissue of dabigatran-treated animals (control 8.490 ± 1.996, dabigatran 3.606 ± 0.8884 CD11c+ macrophages/mg adipose tissue, n = 21), while the number of anti-inflammatory CD11c- macrophages was not changed. mRNA expression in the visceral adipose tissue as well as plasma concentrations of the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL) 1 beta and IL 6 (quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR), multiplex immunoassay) were reduced in dabigatran-treated animals. No differences in body-weight gain and the amount of body fat (NMR measurement) were observed. Glucose tolerance and insulin resistance did not differ between groups, either. In vitro no direct influence of thrombin on macrophage polarization was detectable in bone marrow-derived macrophages (flow cytometry, qPCR). However, first results indicate that stimulation of the cells with conditioned medium from thrombin-treated, differentiated preadipocytes (3T3L1 cells) enhances M1 polarization of macrophages (flow cytometry).
In conclusion, thrombin inhibition by dabigatran promotes an anti-inflammatory phenotype in adipose tissue macrophages in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity and atherosclerosis, probably resulting from a changed expression profile of adipocyte cytokines. These effects might contribute to the known anti-atherosclerotic effects of thrombin inhibition in this model.
Author Disclosures: K. Feldmann: None. M. Grandoch: None. S. Lehr: None. J.W. Fischer: Research Grant; Modest; Boehringer Ingelheim. Other Research Support; Modest; Boehringer Ingelheim.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.