Abstract 356: IKK-Beta Deletion Alleviates the Atherogenetic Effect of Intermittent Hypoxia Induced Macrophage Foam Cell Formation
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common sleeping disorder characterized by intermittent hypoxia (IH). Clinical studies have previously shown an independent association between obstructive sleep apnea and atherosclerosis. Furthermore, it has been previously shown that such a predisposition to atherosclerosis in OSAS patient can be caused by various inflammatory mediators, particularly the NF-kappa B (NF-kB) pathway. Foam cells or lipid-laden macrophages in the atherosclerotic lesion have been well documented as a hallmark of atherosclerosis; however, the contribution of IH, such as in OSAS, to foam cell formation is not yet fully understood. Previous observations have led us to hypothesized that IH induces macrophage foam cell formation due to the activation of NF-kappa B pathway.
Methods: Myeloid restricted IKK-beta deleted mice were generated by a Cre/lox recombination system to inactivate the NF-kB pathway in macrophages. Thioglycollate-elicited peritoneal macrophages were incubated with 200 μg/ml of low-density lipoprotein and simultaneously exposed to either IH (Normoxia: 8min, 0.5% O2: 10min) or normoxia for 24 hours. After exposure, the extent of foam cell formation was assessed by quantification of intracellular cholesterol. Finally, we compared the differences in gene expression using RNA-seq between wild type and IKK-beta deleted macrophages exposed to either IH or normoxia for 24 hours.
Results: IH significantly increased total cholesterol in wild type macrophages (63.4±3.3 μg/mg of cellular protein, n=9) in comparison to normoxia (51.2±1.6). Interestingly, such increase in intracellular cholesterol in response to IH-exposure was abolished by IKK-beta deletion (IH 52.4±1.1; normoxia 50.0±1.6 n=8), suggesting that NF-kB pathway regulated gene expression is critical for IH-induced foam cell formation. Indeed, we have found that NF-kB knockout abolished IH-induced expressional alterations in 364 genes, which are potential candidates for regulating intracellular cholesterol.
Conclusion: NF-kB activation plays a critical role in IH-induced macrophage foam cell formation.
Author Disclosures: T. Imamura: None. I.S. Hartley: None. A.J. Massri: None. O. Poulsen: None. D. Zhou: None. G.G. Haddad: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.