Abstract 35: Identification of a Mouse Strain Modifier Locus for Factor V Leiden/Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor Dependent Thrombosis
Factor V Leiden (FVL) is the most common genetic risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE). FVL is incompletely penetrant as only 10% of FVL heterozygotes develop VTE. Previously, nearly uniform perinatal lethality was observed in C57BL/6J (B6) mice hemizygous for tissue factor pathway inhibitor (Tfpi+/-) on a homozygous FVL background (FVQ/Q). However, inbred mouse strains exhibit significant genetic variation and can exert a profound influence on phenotype. We tested the lethality of FVQ/Q Tfpi+/- on the DBA/2J inbred strain background by crossing FVQ/+ Tfpi+/- to DBA/2J followed by a double heterozygous (FVQ/+ Tfpi+/-) x FVQ/Q cross. Surprisingly, FVQ/Q Tfpi+/- mice on the DBA/2J genetic background are born at expected Mendelian frequencies (N=62, nexp=15, nobs=15, N.S.) and display no overt thrombosis. This demonstrates the existence of dominant antithrombotic DBA/2J strain-specific thrombosis modifier gene(s). Analysis of progeny from a DBA/2J-B6 F1 FVQ/Q Tfpi+/- x B6 FVQ/Q cross yielded equal proportions of FVQ/Q Tfpi+/- and FVQ/Q Tfpi+/+ (N=130, nexp=43, nobs=63, p<0.001) which suggested that multiple modifier genes were contributing to the phenotype. To isolate individual dominant modifier loci, we adopted a serial backcrossing strategy in which F1 FVQ/Q Tfpi+/- mice were serially backcrossed to B6 FVQ/Q mice for 17 generations. A standard mouse positional cloning strategy was used on the 110 surviving FVQ/Q Tfpi+/- mice from these crosses which identified a chromosome 2 modifier locus (148-169 Mb) under genetic selection. Currently there are 16 genes in this locus with known annotated non-synonymous coding variants. Ongoing studies are focused on identifying the responsible genetic DBA/2J variant within this locus. Identification of this modifier gene will represent a significant advance for the genetics of thrombotic disease. Not only will it give insight into the pathways leading to thrombosis, it may also reveal previously unexplored therapeutic targets for the prevention of thrombotic events.
Author Disclosures: D.M. Germain: None. A.E. Siebert: None. S. Verbeek: None. G. Zhu: None. K. Tomberg: None. A. Cleuren: None. D. Siemieniak: None. R.J. Westrick: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.