Abstract 325: Response Gene to Complement 32 Deficiency Protects Against Hepatic Steatosis by Inhibiting Lipogenesis in Mice
Hepatic steatosis is associated with obesity due to the increased lipogenesis. Previously, we have found that RGC-32 (response gene to complement 32) deficiency prevents the mice from high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and insulin resistance. The present study was conducted to determine the role of RGC-32 in the control of hepatic steatosis. We observed that hepatic RGC-32 expression was dramatically induced by HFD challenge. RGC-32 knockout (RGC32-/-) mice were resistant to HFD-induced hepatic steatosis. More importantly, hepatic triglyceride contents of RGC32-/- mice were significantly decreased compared with wild-type (WT) controls on both normal chow and HFD. Mechanistically, RGC-32 deficiency decreased expression of lipogenesis-related genes, sterol regulatory element (SRE) binding protein (SREBP)-1c, fatty acid synthase (FAS) and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1). Our in vitro study showed that RGC-32 knockdown decreased while RGC-32 overexpression increased SCD1 expression in hepatocytes. Deletion or mutation of SRE in the SCD1 promoter abolished the function of RGC-32. These data demonstrate that RGC-32 contributes to HFD-induced hepatic steatosis by facilitating de novo lipogenesis in a SREBP-1c dependent manner. Therefore, RGC-32 may be a novel drug target in the treatment of hepatic steatosis and its related diseases.
Author Disclosures: X. Cui: None. J. Luan: None. S. Chen: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.