Abstract 302: Coronary Endothelial Dysfunction Is Associated With Increased Risk of Venous Thromboembolism
Introduction: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality. The vascular endothelium may be involved in the pathogenesis of both VTE and arterial thrombosis, as endothelial injury and dysfunction may disrupt normal anticoagulation mechanisms. We aimed to test the hypothesis that coronary endothelial dysfunction (CED) is associated with development of VTE in prospective follow-up.
Methods: Coronary vascular reactivity was evaluated in 502 patients with non-obstructive coronary artery disease by administration of intracoronary acetylcholine during diagnostic angiography. Microvascular CED was defined as ≤50% increase in coronary blood flow (CBF) from baseline in response to maximal dose of acetylcholine. After median follow-up of 6.3 years (IQR 3.5, 10.7), patients were assessed by standardized questionnaire, phone-call and review of medical records for development of VTE.
Results: Median age of the population was 53 years (IQR 45, 62); 68% were females. Hypertension was prevalent in 40.8%, diabetes in 8.4%, and hyperlipidemia in 58.3% of patients. Of 502 patients, 279 had CED. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics including cardiovascular and VTE risk factors between patients with and without CED (p>0.05). Eighty-nine percents of patients who developed VTE had CED. Patients who developed spontaneous or provoked VTE both had significantly lower % change in CBF than patients who did not develop VTE (p<0.05) (Figure 1). In univariate analysis, microvascular dysfunction was associated with increased risk of VTE (OR 6.55 (95% confidence interval (0.81, 52.79); p=0.04).
Conclusion: We found a seven-fold increased risk of VTE with CED, suggesting a link between the two. Endothelial injury disrupting vascular homeostasis may predispose patients to VTE.
Author Disclosures: M. Prasad: None. M. Reriani: None. R. McBane: None. L.O. Lerman: None. A. Lerman: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.