Abstract 288: Role of Cilostazol in Preventing Instent Restenosis Among Patients With Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Meta-analysis
Objective: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is associated with two to six fold increase in the cardiovascular mortality. Revascularization is indicated to relieve life limiting ischemic symptoms and improve wound healing. Primary patency for balloon angioplasty has been reported to be around 40 to 60% in the first year. Stents have improved rates of primary patency but long-term patency rates are not comparable to bypass surgery, with many patients at high risk of in-stent restenosis. Many adjunctive therapies have been proposed to reduce the high restenosis rate. Our aim is to evaluate the use of cilostazol to prevent in-stent restenosis among patients with lower extremity arterial stenting.
Methods: We performed a MEDLINE and EMBASE search, and reviewed the abstracts and manuscripts following the PRISMA guidelines. Patency rate after stenting was the primary efficacy outcome. At least 2 abstractors reviewed the study list and selected manuscripts. We calculated Q statistic and a homogeneity formal test. The odds ratio (OR) estimates were pooled by using the Mantel-Haenszel random-effects method. Data were analyzed using the R META package
Results: We identified 524 studies, 20 articles were fully abstracted and 4 included in the metaanalysis. The total number of patients was 2434. The cilostazol and control groups were evenly divided. All studies were of moderate quality. Clinical characteristics including age and BMI were similar in the two groups. Stents were placed to treat de novo lesions. Two of the studies compared cilostazol to ticlopidine.
Cilostazol group patients had better primary patency rates after endovascular therapy than patients not taking cilostazol (OR 0.55, 95% CI 0.43 - 0.71). Heterogeneity was moderate with I2 of 38% and of moderate clinical relevance not statistically significant thus random effect model was kept. Omitting a single study did not affect the overall odds ratio of the other studies. Funnel plot suggested no publication bias.
Conclusions: In stent stenosis among revascularized patients with PAD was 45% lower for patients who were on cilostazol.
Author Disclosures: O. Iftikhar: None. K. Oliveros: None. A. Tafur: None. A. Casanegra: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.