Abstract 131: Restoration of ER Stress and Induction of FGF15/19 Independently Rescue ABCG5 ABCG8 Sterol Transporter
Mice lacking leptin (ob/ob) or its receptor (db/db) are obese, insulin resistant and have reduced levels of biliary cholesterol due, in part, to reduced levels of hepatic ABCG5 ABCG8 (G5G8). Chronic leptin replacement restores G5G8 abundance and increases biliary cholesterol concentrations, but the molecular mechanism responsible for G5G8 regulation remains unclear.
In the current study, we conducted a series of experiments to address potential mechanisms. To determine if leptin signaling directly regulates hepatic G5G8 abundance, we acutely replaced leptin in ob/ob mice and deleted hepatic leptin receptors in lean mice. Neither manipulation altered G5G8 abundance or biliary cholesterol. Similarly, hepatic vagotomy had no effect on G5G8.
Alternatively, the G5G8 protein complex may be decreased due to compromised ER stress. It has been previously reported that tauroursodeoxycholate (TUDCA) alleviates ER stress. It also increases G5G8 and biliary cholesterol in both lean and db/db mice. The ER chaperone protein, glucose regulated protein 78-kDa (GRP78) can restore ER function and reduce unfolded protein response (UPR) signaling. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that expression of GRP78 could rescue G5G8 in db/db mice. Adenovirus encoding GRP78 was administered to db/db mice and the effect on hepatic G5G8 was determined. G5 and G8 proteins and biliary cholesterol were increased in the absence of changes in mRNAs encoding either protein.
However, TUDCA has also been shown to induce FGF15. In several models of bile acid feeding, FGF15/19 is stimulated in ileum and activates its receptor in liver to repress bile acid synthesis. Simultaneously, G5G8 and biliary cholesterol secretion are elevated. To determine if FGF15/19 had a direct effect on hepatic G5G8, we injected C57BL/6 mice with recombinant FGF19. CYP7A1 and CYP8B1 mRNA expression were both strongly suppressed, whereas G5G8 increased at both mRNA and protein levels.
In conclusion, G5G8 can be rescued in ob/ob and db/db mice through multiple mechanisms that include restoration of ER functions and FGF15/19 signaling. Counter regulation of CYP7A1, CYP8B1, and G5G8 by FGF15/19 allows for the maintenance of hepatic sterol elimination in the face of expanded bile acid pool.
Author Disclosures: Y. Wang: None. K. Su: None. N. Sabeva: None. A. Ji: None. D. van der Westhuyzen: None. F. Foufelle: None. X. Gao: None. G. Graf: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.