Abstract 127: Effects of miR-33 Antagonism on Glucose and Triglyceride Metabolism in Nonhuman Primates.
Elevated plasma low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). While strategies to lower LDL cholesterol have been successful in reducing CVD-related mortality, there is still an unmet need for developing therapies to reduce the residual risk of atherosclerotic CVD. Plasma HDL cholesterol levels are inversely correlated with CVD risk and thus novel therapies to increase plasma HDL cholesterol levels have garnered much attention in recent years. MicroRNA-33a and b (miR-33a/b) are intronically-encoded microRNAs residing in the sterol response element binding protein genes SREBF2 and SREBF1 and suppress the expression of the genes involved in cholesterol efflux and fatty acid oxidation. Recent studies show that antagonism of miR-33 results in increased ABCA1expression and elevated plasma HDL levels in both mice and nonhuman primates. However, findings in mice suggest that long term miR-33 antagonism may lead to hepatic steatosis and increased production of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), the precursor to proatherogenic LDL. In the current study, cynomolgus monkeys were fed a high carbohydrate diet plus Kool Aid prior to administration of antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) specific for miR-33a/b. As expected, miR-33 antagonism resulted in elevated plasma total cholesterol levels, predominantly due to increased HDL. No differences in plasma LDL or triglycerides were observed between treatment groups. MiR-33a/b antagonism had no effect on VLDL triglyceride secretion rates. Anti-miR-33 treatment did not promote hepatic lipid accumulation or adversely affect liver transaminase levels. Glucose tolerance tests revealed no differences in either plasma glucose or insulin levels in response to miR-33a/b antagonism. These findings suggest that anti-miR-33 therapy raises HDL cholesterol without negatively impacting either triglyceride or glucose homeostasis in nonhuman primates.
Author Disclosures: J.D. Layne: None. A.L. McDaniel: None. S.M. Marshall: None. K. Kavanagh: None. C.C. Esau: None. K.J. Moore: None. R.E. Temel: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.