Abstract 663: Identification of 2 Novel Candidate Genes of Atherosclerosis Susceptibility on Mouse Chromosome 3: Pla2g12a and Elovl6
Quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping in an F2 intercross (n=452) of atherosclerosis-susceptible C57BL/6 (B6) and atherosclerosis-resistant FVB mice on the LDL-receptor deficient background revealed a novel atherosclerosis susceptibility locus on mouse chromosome (Chr) 3. In previous work the susceptible genetic region on Chr3 was narrowed to 80 - 160 MB and validated by congenic FVB.Chr3B6/B6 mice. We hypothesized that underlying genetic variation in this region leads to differential expression of causal genes, thereby affecting atherosclerosis susceptibility.
We performed transcriptome-wide expression analyses in livers of congenic FVB.Chr3B6/B6 and FVB mice (n=4/4) using Illumina Ref-8 arrays followed by validation in livers of congenic FVB.Chr3B6/B6 and FVB mice (n=8/9) as well as in livers of B6 and FVB mice (n=5/5) by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Cis-regulation was investigated in F2 livers (n=47) by correlating the expression to the genotype. Tissue-specific expression of genes was examined by qRT-PCR in parental B6 and FVB mice. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemical staining (IHC) were performed. Mechanisms of atherogenesis were investigated by RNAi.
Pla2g12a and Elovl6 were identified as candidate genes co-segregating with the atherosclerosis QTL at marker rs13464244. Pla2g12a mRNA expression was inversely correlated (r2=0.2, p=0.002) with atherosclerotic lesion size in F2 mice while Elovl6 expression was positively correlated (r2=0.18, p=0.002). qRT-PCR revealed a strong expression of Pla2g12a in muscle and fat tissues whereas Elovl6 was highly expressed in liver and fat tissues. Western blot analysis revealed significantly decreased protein expression of Pla2g12a in livers of B6 compared to FVB and an increased expression of Elovl6 in B6 mice. IHC staining of Pla2g12a and Elovl6 in aortic roots indicated high expression in macrophages and predominantly in endothelial cells. siRNA knockdown of Elovl6 was associated with reduced adhesion and increased apoptosis.
In conclusion, we identified Elovl6 and Pla2g12a as promising candidate genes of atherosclerosis susceptibility on mouse Chr3. Further work is necessary to better understand the influence of these two genes on atherosclerosis development.
Author Disclosures: A. Nicolaou: None. K. Sass: None. B.H. Northoff: None. D. Teupser: None. L.M. Holdt: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.