Abstract 541: Specific Deletion of LDL Receptor--Related Protein on Macrophages Skews Cytokine Production by Invariant Natural Killer T Cells
Invariant Natural Killer T (iNKT) cells are specialized lymphocytes that when activated can regulate chronic inflammatory conditions and atherosclerotic processes. The activation of iNKT cells occurs when glycolipid antigens bind the MHC class-I like molecule CD1d present on antigen presenting cells (APCs). The pathways by which glycolipid antigens target CD1d for presentation and activation of iNKT cells remain unclear, yet the expression of surface receptors associated with lipid homeostasis, such as the LDL receptor (LDLr), have been implicated in the modulation of iNKT cell activation. The LDLr has been shown to modulate this process by binding apoE-containing lipoproteins, which can carry antigenic glycolipids for iNKT cell activation. The LDL receptor-related protein (LRP), a transmembrane receptor from the LDL receptor family of proteins, shares structural homology with LDLr and can bind a number of ligands including apoE-containing lipoproteins. We hypothesized that LRP can play an active role in glycolipid antigen presentation and subsequent activation of iNKT cells. Here, we demonstrate that LRP is preferentially expressed at high levels on F4/80+ macrophages, when compared to other APCs. We also show that a specialized subset of macrophages expressing CD169, known for their ability to present glycolipid antigen to iNKT cells, have increased levels of LRP when compared to CD169- macrophages. Using mice with a targeted deletion of LRP in macrophages, we observed decreased activation of iNKT cells in vitro (24, 48 hours) and normal IFN-gamma but blunted IL-4 response in vivo. Further flow cytometric analysis showed normal surface expression of CD1d in LRP-cKO macrophages as well as normal uptake of fluorescently labeled glycolipid in vitro. Additionally, analysis of the iNKT cell compartment in LRP-cKO mice revealed intact numbers and percentages of iNKT cells and no homeostatic disruption as evidenced by absence of programmed death-1 and LY-49. Collectively, these data suggest that macrophage LRP contributes to early iNKT cell activation by enhancing early IL-4 responses.
Author Disclosures: R. Covarrubias: Research Grant; Modest; NHLBI/NRSA. A.S. Major: Research Grant; Modest; NIH/NHLBI RO1, Lupus Research Institute.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.