Abstract 534: A Common Null Allele of LPA is Associated With Lp(a) Levels and Coronary Artery Disease Risk
Objective: Increased levels of Lp(a) lipoprotein are a highly heritable risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD). The genetic determinants of Lp(a) levels are mainly due to genetic variation in the apolipoprotein(a) gene (LPA). We have tested the association of a null allele of LPA with Lp(a) levels and CAD risk in a large case-control cohort. We have also examined how null allele genotyping complements apolipoprotein(a) isoform typing to refine the relationship between LPA isoform size and circulating Lp(a) levels.
Approach and Results: The LPA null allele (rs41272114) was genotyped in the PROCARDIS case-control cohort (4,073 CAD cases, 4,225 controls). Lp(a) lipoprotein levels were measured in 909 CAD cases and 922 controls; apolipoprotein(a) isoform size was estimated using SDS-agarose gel electrophoresis and a high-throughput qPCR based method.
Null carriers are common (null allele frequency 3%) and have significantly lower circulating Lp(a) levels (p=2.1x10-10) and reduced CAD risk (p=0.023) compared to non-carriers. An additive allelic model of apolipoprotein(a) isoform size, refined by null allele genotype and qPCR values, showed a sigmoid relationship with Lp(a) levels with baseline levels for longer isoform alleles and progressively higher levels of Lp(a) for shorter isoform alleles.
Conclusions: The LPA null allele (rs41272444) is associated with decreased circulating Lp(a) levels and decreased CAD risk. A joint genomic and isoform analysis revealed details of the relationship between apolipoprotein(a) isoform size and circulating Lp(a) level consistent with a threshold effect on lipoprotein secretion.
Author Disclosures: T. Kyriakou: None. U. Seedorf: None. A. Goel: None. J.C. Hopewell: None. R. Clarke: None. H. Watkins: None. M. Farrall: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.