Abstract 482: Attachment Site Curvature of Thoracic Endografts is Correlated to Adjacent Aortic Wall Stress and Stress Distribution
INTRODUCTION: TEVAR has been seen to cause acute and chronic stent-induced tears of the adjacent aortic wall after treatment in 10-25% of cases with increasing frequency as the stent is placed closer to the aortic valve. The underlying cause for these tears and the ability to predict their occurrence is poorly understood. We hypothesize the cause of these tears is related to stent-induced changes in the adjacent aortic wall which could be quantified and predicted through finite element analysis (FEA) of stent-aorta interface.
METHODS: AbaqusTM was used to resolve the FEA model of the stent-aorta interface in three configurations. The maximum principal stress in the vessel wall was averaged over the volume around the stent attachment point and the curvature of the stent was calculated at both the distal and proximal ends. (Figure 1).
RESULTS: As the curvature of the attachment site increased, an increase in adjacent aortic wall stress was noted. These ranged from mean curvature (1/m) of 0.1 with wall stress of 49kPa for the distal attachment, position #2 to mean curvature of 6.7 and wall stress of 82kPa for the distal attachment site in position #3. There was an increase in maximum stress distribution as the TEVAR approached the aortic root of 104kPa, 109kPa, and 112kPa for positions 1-3 repectively.
CONCLUSIONS: An increase in adjacent aortic wall stress and stress distribution was noted as TEVAR were placed closer to the aortic root which corresponds to the increase in stent-induced aortic tears observed in clinical series. This approach provides the basis for a predictive clinical tool to allow for patient-specific TEVAR planning with associated aortic wall stress analysis to minimize adjacent aortic trauma and assist in future stent design.
Author Disclosures: N. Couper: None. M. Richards: None. A. Chandra: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.