Abstract 465: Deciphering the Genetic Regulation of ADAMTS7, a Novel Locus for Coronary Artery Disease
Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified an association between the ADAMTS7 locus and coronary artery disease (CAD) in humans. While ADAMTS7 is proposed to play a role in vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration and neointimal formation, the molecular regulation of human ADAMTS7 gene expression has not yet been explored. We assessed ADAMTS7 expression levels in primary mouse aortic smooth muscle cells (mAoSMC) as well as primary human coronary and human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (hCASMC, hPASMC) in response to treatment with various stimulatory agents. No differences in ADAMTS7 expression were observed upon treatment with PDGF, angiotensin II, and nicotine in any of the cell lines tested. However, TNFα upregulated ADAMTS7 by 4-fold in mAoSMC but not in human VSMCs while H2O2 upregulated ADAMTS7 by 4-fold in hCASMC but not mAoSMCs. No agents modulated expression in hPASMC. Basal levels of ADAMTS7 varied among different VSMC lines; hCASMC had 2-fold greater levels of ADAMTS7 when compared to hPASMC and hAoSMC. These data demonstrate that ADAMTS7 is differentially regulated not only across different species, but also among different VSMC types, underscoring the complex genetic regulation of ADAMTS7. In an attempt to elucidate important regulatory genomic regions controlling ADAMTS7 expression, we utilized data from the ENCODE project to identify regions surrounding ADAMTS7 that are enriched for regulatory domains, e.g. DNase hypsersensitivity (DHS) and H3K27 acetylation, in relevant cell types. We then overlayed data from CARDIoGRAM and C4D CAD GWAS to look for CAD-associated SNPs in these potential enhancers. Ultimately we selected 5 regions of interest (e.g., rs5029904 lies in region with increased H3K27 acetylation in ENCODE layered 7 cell lines, DHS peaks in serum fed and starved hAoSMCs, binding peaks for transcription factors via ENCODE ChIP-Seq experiments) for further studies in luciferase reporter assays multiple cell types to look for tissue specific expression mediated by these genomic regions. GWAS variants in these domains may affect the transcriptional regulation of ADAMTS7, thus providing insight into the role for ADAMTS7 in human atherosclerosis.
Author Disclosures: K. Ou: None. R.C. Bauer: None. X. Zhang: None. J. Cui: None. D.J. Rader: None. M.P. Reilly: None.
- © 2014 by American Heart Association, Inc.